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Understanding The Types, Symptoms, And Causes Of Autism

Autism is a spectrum condition or a neuro developmental disorder, and the patients who suffer from autism have certain types of difficulties in leading a normal life. It is a disorder that affects millions of people every year throughout the globe. The disorder affects the individual in various ways such as difficulty with learning, mental health conditions, difficulty in understanding things, etc.

This disease can affect both men and women. A patient suffering from such a disease needs optimum support from the loved ones so that they can learn things faster and develop skills at a productive rate. With the proper support of family and friends, an autism patient can be helped to live and lead a more worthy and fulfilling life.

Autistic patients find the world quite confusing and complicated which causes anxiety in them. It gets difficult for the autistic patients to understand the social life, communicating with people, comprehending family of life, and various other aspects of the daily life.

Types Of Autism

There are three different types of autism disorders which include:

Autistic Disorder:

This is the term that people hear first when then come across autism. The patients that suffer from autistic disorder have an inappropriate delay in delivering a speech, as well as challenges in being social and communicating with others. The patients are seen adopting unusual behaviours and interests, and they are also seen having intellectual disabilities.

Asperger Syndrome:

The patients with Asperger’s syndrome are less likely to perform activities as compared to that of autistic patients. These patients might suffer from mild levels of social and communication challenges. They do suffer from problems with language but not intellectual disabilities.

Pervasive Development Disorder:

Patients who differ from the signs and symptoms of autistic and Asperger syndromes might consider going for a PDD diagnosis. The patients might suffer from social and communication challenges only.

Top 6 symptoms that your child may have Autism

All the adults with an autism disorder have some kind or the other form of core symptoms in the specific areas such as social interactions, relationships, verbal and non-verbal communications, limited interests in playing or doing certain activities that they used to do, etc. The autism signs and symptoms are quite different in both infants and adults. In adults, it might take a lot of time to recover or get a chance of even 1% recovery whereas; in the case of children, if regular intensive treatment is carried out, children tend to improve their ability to socialize with others and progress eventually during the treatment course. It is important to continue the treatment duration and not leave it in between as it can hamper the growth of the child.

The symptoms of the disorder typically emerge between the age of 12 – 18 months in an individual and lasts forever. The symptoms if treated properly might show beneficial results over time, but some infants show future signs of problems much before the age of three. Some of the symptoms might start coming after the infant grows one year old. There are some of the signs and symptoms mentioned below:

  • Infants do not respond or pay attention when called by their name even after 12 months.
  • Infants do not point out on objects or things to show their interest by 14 months.
  • Infants do not play with toys or pretend to play by the age of 18 months.
  • Have a delayed speech as well as language skills.
  • Give weird or unrelated answers to the questions when asked.
  • Get angry or upset on little things.

4 essential genetic risk factors for Autism

All the causes and factors that lead to autism are not known till date. Research indicates that genetics have a high impact and can affect your risk for some types of autism. If you already have a child who suffers from autism, the chances are high that you can have another child with the same deformity as well. Some of the researchers also found that high exposure to heavy metals can risk the mother to develop autism factors in the conceiving child. However, there are causes for multiple types of autism and various factors conclude that the child has autism:

  • Genes are one of the major factors that can cause a person to develop an ASD.
  • Children who have an ASD parent or a sibling are more likely to develop an ASD.
  • Harmful drugs, when consumed or injected during conceiving, can result in developing a high risk of ASDs in a new born baby.
  • One common belief explains that poor parenting practices cause ASDs which is not true.

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